Best Buy interventions

Tax

Increase excise taxes and prices on tobacco products

Packaging

Implement plain/standardized packaging and/or large graphic health warnings on all tobacco packages

Advertising, promotion and sponsorship

Enact and enforce comprehensive bans on tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship

Smoke-free public places

Eliminate exposure to second-hand tobacco smoke in all indoor workplaces, public places and public transport

Education

Implement effective mass-media campaigns that educate the public about the harms of smoking/tobacco use and second-hand smoke

Tax

Increase excise taxes on alcoholic beverages

Advertising

Enact and enforce bans or comprehensive restrictions on exposure to alcohol advertising (across multiple types of media)

Availability

Enact and enforce restrictions on the physical availability of alcohol in sales outlets (via reduced hours of sale)

Education

Implement community-wide public education and awareness campaigns for physical activity, including mass-media campaigns combined with other community-based education, motivational and environmental programmes aimed at supporting behavioural change around physical activity levels

Reformulation of food

Reduce salt intake through the reformulation of food products to contain less salt, and the setting of maximum permitted levels for the amount of salt in food

Supportive environments

Reduce salt intake through establishing a supportive environment in public institutions such as hospitals, schools, workplaces and nursing homes, to enable low-salt options to be provided

Education

Reduce salt intake through behaviour change communication and mass-media campaigns

Packaging

Reduce salt intake through the implementation of front-of-pack labelling

Drug therapy and counselling

Provide drug therapy (including glycaemic control for diabetes mellitus and control of hypertension using a total risk approach) and counselling for individuals who have had a heart attack or stroke and for persons with high risk (≥ 30%) of a fatal or non-fatal cardiovascular event in the next 10 years

Vaccination

Vaccination against human papillomavirus (2 doses) of girls aged 9 to 13 years

Screening

Prevention of cervical cancer by screening women aged 30 to 49 years, either through: visual inspection with acetic acid linked with timely treatment of pre-cancerous lesions; pap smear (cervical cytology) every 3–5 years, linked with timely treatment of pre-cancerous lesions; human papillomavirus test every 5 years, linked with timely treatment of precancerous lesions